Partition Of Bengal and Swadeshi Movement In Bihar this is two important events that are related to each other. You want to know the reason for parting Bihar from Bengal than it is important to know the Swadeshi Movement that was going on in Bihar in that context. Partitioning of Bengal is British Project headed by Lord Curzon, let’s explore
The Partition of Bengal separated largely muslim areas from largly Hindu areas in 16 October, 1905 announced by Lord Curzon, the then Vicery of India. This ignited great stir in the country with its epicentre in Bengal. Although the political condition was not so favourable to the movement for separation of Bihar from Bengal. The agitation had an impact on the Bengali dominated town in Bihar. Before exploring further you should know the Swadeshi movement happening in Bihar during that period.
Swadeshi Movement in Bihar
In 1904 “The Golden League” was established at Deoghar with the objective of boycotting British and advancing the Swadeshi Movement in Bihar. In Bhagalpur the agitation started in 1906 where Surendra Nath Banerjee with other supporters visited and delivered lectures on Swadeshism , majority of supporters were students of colleges who formed processions and filled the streets in red and yellow clothes and wearing Vande Mataram badges.
Soon Swadeshi shops spread his presence and left a great impression on people. Tulsi Sing, resident of Naubatpur, Patna had been strongly inspired by Swadeshi while he was in Calcutta. In 1908 he delivered a strong speech in patna district inspiring his audience “Never to buy British Good, to Slander Britishers and not use government court for redressal of their grievances”.
Many Swadeshi shops started to open Patna and teachers and then influencers taught openly to people to buy Swadeshi goods. As the students and other people feel that Swadeshi goods are expensive, the rich influencers started to pay different amounts themselves.
Swami Vivekanand Influence in Swadeshi Movement in Bihar
Swami Vivekanand great sucess in the the world religion parliament in Chicago and his writing and speeches made profound influence on Indian as well as Bihari minds. Maharaja Lakshmishwar Singh of Darbhanga was head of Culcutta Citizens Receptions Comittee who organize a royal reception for vivekanand upon his return to India from abroad. It is important to note that early revolutionaries of Patna are credited with the Ram Krishna Mission for spreading the message of Swami Vivekanand and also established Ram Krishna Mission at Patna.
Story of Partitioning Continues from here
When Surendra Nath Banerjee visited Patna in 1876 in connection with agitation for Civil Services examination, he was greeted with warm reception from both Biharis and Bengalis. But during the Partitioning period in 1906 he came to Monghyar(now Munger) and Ranchi(now in Jharkhand) to preach Swadeshi he was not greeted with the same cordiality. The Bihari leaders declined at the last moment to sign a memorial to be submitted jointly for a modification of partition.
The relations between domiciled Bengalis and the Biharis could not become normal and kind of stress spread. In Bhagalpur some Bengalis lawyers faced boycotts. The Biharis as a whole are glad to be detached from Bengal. Finally when Bihar was separated there had been a long drought controversy of domicile issue. It created much bitterness.
Partition Of Bengal and Swadeshi Movement In Bihar is our effort to remember brotherhood of Bengalis and Bihari when we ware one. there was dominant role of Bengalis of Political movement in Bihar. you can know that by following this Article Link.